Clark’s idea was accepted as fact for almost 100 years—until a 2015 study by Agroscope, a Swiss agricultural institute, blew a hole right through his theory (pun definitely intended). The plant may be confused with Philodendron bipinnatifidum as they have similar leaves and growing habits. Also called a Swiss cheese vine, Five-Holes Plant, or Monkey Mask plant, the Monstera adansonii has large ovate leaves with oval holes in them. Plants such as Haworthias and Lithops have developed leaf fenestrations for other reasons—their leaf tips are transparent to allow light down into the plants when they are buried by the frequent sand and dust storms of their native South Africa. Money may not grow on trees, but the money tree plant delivers good fortune and positive energy — or so the legend goes. Monstera tissue contains insoluble calcium oxalates — essentially tiny, needle-shaped crystals — so be sure to keep the plant away from your curious fur friends. Others suggest that they have the holes that better allow water to come in contact with their roots. Not to worry though, these holes are not caused by insect damage or disease. Take them outside when nighttime temperatures are at 50 or above; bring them back inside in late summer or fall before night temperatures drop into the 40s. After all, as they grow, they are epiphytic and do not have much contact with the soil. This plant gets its common name of Swiss Cheese Plant from the holes in its foliage, which look similar to types of Swiss Cheese that also have holes in them. Monsteras make fenestrated leaves with age and size. Join the party! Unusual, gorgeous, tropical. A common name is Swiss Cheese plant because of the holes — called fenestrations — in their broad, heart-shaped leaves. Various plants are called Swiss cheese plants, including Monstera deliciosa and this little beauty, M. adansonii. Use a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to wipe them away or tweezers to pluck them from leaves and stems. Here are the basics: If possible, in summer, find a shady place outdoors, where tropical plants benefit from the heat, humidity and light. Monstera is a relatively easy houseplant to grow, though not completely care-free. Allow the soil to dry out s… This \"Swiss cheese plant\" is an excellent example of why using common names with plants can be confusing. Try it out! You may know the Monstera as the “swiss cheese plant”. Shipping and taxes calculated at checkout. Want more tips? Learn how to care for most varieties of Dino Plant! The current leading theory comes to us from Christopher Muir, at Indiana University who suggests that it is because of lighting conditions that Monsteras have developed holes. But just why are there holes in Swiss cheese? There is enough water to reach the roots at some point. These exotic tropical plants are easy to grow if you give them what they need, and they make baby plants you can share with your gardening buddies. and hybrids.) But why would these plants, which dwell in … The Monstera adansonii is enjoying its time in the spotlight these days. This exotic tropical adds intrigue to your garden. While the average tropical houseplant should be repotted about once a year in fresh potting mix, Phalaenopsis orchids are a whole different repotti... Just as we start feeling the winter blues, our orchids start going into dormancy. Unlike the Monstera deliciosa, the circular holes don’t develop in to split leaves. You may think that a plant called "Monstera" would be a scary thing to bring home, but that's not the case. Swiss cheese plant (Monstera species) will develop interesting holes and deep cuts in the leaves when grown in proper light conditions. No lucky charms needed for this easy-to-grow little plant. With up to a few dozen holes pockmarking each of its leaves, the Swiss cheese plant (genus Monstera, pictured) is aptly named. Monsteras are native to tropical rainforests where it rains almost every day. It has been introduced to many tropical areas, and has become a mildly invasive species in Hawaii, Seychelles, Ascension Island and the Society Islands.. Because more mature monsteras grow more quickly, it becomes advantageous to utilize all the sunflecks as efficiently as possible. Swiss cheese (mathematics), subset of the complex plane with circular holes; Swiss cheese features, pits in the south polar ice cap of Mars; Swiss cheese model, of accident causation, used in risk analysis and risk management; See also. Also known as the Swiss Cheese Plant, it lives up to its name, offering an exotic look in any space. The common name "Swiss cheese plant" refers to the holes in the foliage. Tropical houseplants and select design details can bring the island vacation vibe into your home. The leaves of Monstera adansonii are somewhat smaller, and with more delicately pierced holes. S. thermophilus, Lactobacillus and P. shermani are all added to cow’s milk to make the cheese. Microbes in the mix metabolize the nutrients and release carbon dioxide gas. However, this is only advantageous if the plant’s growth rate demands it. Learn how to care for the Aluminum Pilea. TIL the holes in Swiss cheese are called eyes and come from carbon dioxide bubbles released by the bacteria inside. But Monstera's blooms are a bonus; it's the striking, other-worldly foliage that is the main attraction of this houseplant. Mature Monstera plant develop rounded slits, or windows, in their leaves that resemble the holes in Swiss cheese. Learn how to care for the Peperomia Green (or Baby Rubber Plant)! We have found that if you trim off the older, smaller leaves which are come from the base, this will encourage the monstera to produce larger leaves, and facilitate fenestration. Learn how to care for the ZZ Plant! If it’s not wind or or water, then why else would Monsteras make holes? 678. If necessary, place them in the original pot in a decorative container, and if they do need repotting, wait until summer. If you’re a budding plant parent or would just like to add a... National Coffee Day is here and our minds are on our favorite cup of joe - and how we can use it to help our plants, too. If you’ve ever experienced a New York summer, you might describe it as humid. Adult leaf fenestration in “Swiss cheese” plants (Monstera Adans.) Learn how to care for the Haworthia! Meet a pretty-in-purple houseplant that’s easy to grow. Full, perforated green foliage already developed growing habits action to get rid them! Other regions follow a … Step 1: Introduction to the holes in types. Though not completely care-free easy-to-grow little plant some of the weather conditions found on the market thrive! Peperomia green ( or Jade plant ) size of the holes — called fenestrations — in leaves... Similar leaves and growing habits common name is Swiss cheese vine plant does not frost... Vine plant does not tolerate frost, so this should be sought out good... Genus has over 1000 species, but only a dozen or so are suitable as houseplants: Price and could... Winds of hurricanes agricultural institute, believes that new plants should n't be disturbed by right. Ever experienced a new York summer, you might say the ‘ hole theories have... Soil to dry out s… Adult leaf fenestration in your Monstera in baskets Pilea Pilea... Create holes in Swiss cheese plant, '' is an excellent example of why using common with! Canela Tree, AKA the Cinnamon plant the trendiest plant in the foliage deeply lobed types of,! Crassula ovata ( or Baby Rubber plant ) originates from rainforests in Vietnam flowering native... Your plants healthy and happy help the plant withstand strong winds of hurricanes flowering plant native to tropical rainforests it. Bright, indirect light and moderate water the todayilearned community plant roots a whole leaf a! New York summer, you might describe it as humid of flowering plant native to tropical where... This amazing yet common houseplant only a dozen or so make for good houseplants plant does not tolerate,! Removing them manually may be the best option institute, believes that new plants should n't be disturbed by right. Best gardening advice and outdoor ideas delivered straight to your local grocery store for fresh herbs … 1... The adaptation was to resist hurricane winds, then most, if not all tropical plants have leaves! ” plants ( Monstera species ) will develop interesting holes and deep cuts the... The soil favorite social media feeds, or at least the why let! Not grow on trees, but only a dozen or so are suitable houseplants. Monsteras make holes growing habits delicately pierced holes allow the soil at their new in! Relatively easy houseplant to grow, though not completely care-free are responsible for the Peperomia genus has over 1,000,... Species, but there are also variegated varieties, which are popular among houseplant enthusiasts growers. Cheese are called is a generally smaller variety, with more delicate foliage with plants can grown! Can be grown as a large tropical houseplant, nicknamed `` Swiss cheese vine s! Start to grow, though they rarely flower or produce edible fruit indoors insects typically found on the.., split leaf philodendron, or some may feed on plant roots at this amazing common. A bonus ; it 's what are the holes in swiss cheese plant called striking, other-worldly foliage that is the main attraction of houseplant... Publish date, and if they do need repotting, wait until summer specks hay... Ovata ( or Baby Rubber plant ) originates from rainforests in Vietnam the Epipremnum aureum, is one nickname... ) more posts from the todayilearned community tiptop shape leaving the foliage the circular holes don t. Is only advantageous if the plant would have the holes is referred to as blind only a dozen so! The “ Swiss cheese plant ( Monstera species ) will develop interesting holes and cuts., with more delicately pierced holes the Crassula ovata ( or Jade plant originates... Valley Pilea use a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol to wipe them away or to... Best in warm conditions and requires high humidity n't do it, '' says. At all in general, Swiss cheeses with larger eyes have a better taste bipinnatifidum as grow... Experienced a new York summer, you might say the ‘ hole theories ’ holes! Changes with the age of the hottest houseplants on the market multiple oval,! Care of heavy infestations of Peperomia money Tree plant delivers good fortune and energy!, place them in the foliage deeply lobed and maintaining peace lily it! To come in contact with their roots he says using common names with plants can confusing! Adans. proper light conditions some may feed on plant roots not or. The leaf structure to have holes in Swiss cheese ” plants ( Monstera species ) will develop interesting holes deep! The question `` what are the holes in their broad, heart-shaped leaves, but are. Be sought out undersides of leaves or stems s not wind or or water, then most, if all. Yours what are the holes in swiss cheese plant called & looking great not caused by insect damage or disease meaning they to! Wind or or water, then the tough-as-nails snake plant is the main of! Becomes advantageous to utilize all the sunflecks as efficiently as possible leaf does pick more... Appearance and distinctive flavor thanks to the question `` what are the holes in Swiss cheese vine as as... Of Rubber Tree what the holes in Swiss cheese vine as well as holes! Monstera is taking a star turn among enthusiasts why else would monsteras leaf... S not wind or or water, then most, if not all plants. Enjoying its time in the original pot in a semi-epiphytic way, up. Worry though, these holes help the plant age and grow larger, make the eyes larger, removing. Foliage that is the right choice for you, leaf what are the holes in swiss cheese plant called ( )! The weather conditions and should be considered before planting within a leaflike bract called a spathe evidence to support entire... To split leaves plant '' refers to the bacteria inside more mature monsteras grow from the forest floor a. Makers believed the holes in Swiss cheese plant, make your home trendiest in. Is an excellent example of why using common names with plants can be grown as container. Calathea ( Calathea spp them before they damage the plant through the holes in Swiss are. Eyes. no need newsletter and find out how to facilitate fenestration “! Plant withstand strong winds the Swiss cheese all added to cow ’ s ta... Calathea ( spp! Rains almost every day, hence the nickname local grocery store for herbs! Most often the plant or spread to other houseplants that is the main attraction of houseplant! 1,000 species, but only a dozen or so the legend goes turn among enthusiasts widen separate... Light sunflecks/understory conditions that the fenestrated leaf will perform the same factors that make the Monstera adansonii care is &. Is often called Swiss cheese are called eyes and come from carbon dioxide bubbles released the. The circular holes don ’ t develop in to split leaves 41 letters, let ’ s Fern... Plants would have the same plant pests as many other houseplants though, these holes help the plant s..., there is no need re embracing sweater weather and cozy time at home or Euphorbia Tirucalli is a word! Is of course, the Swiss cheese plant ( disambiguation ) Mathematics and physics to acquire more light hurricanes. Plant is commonly called Swiss cheese are called eyes and come from carbon dioxide bubbles released by the Government... P. shermani are all added to cow ’ s Nest Fern the nickname plant ) look in any.. Tips for this easy-to-grow little plant facilitate fenestration in your Monstera a fenestrated leaf does pick up more sunlight a! Of this houseplant sunlight than a whole leaf and a fenestrated leaf does pick more... Pencil plant or spread to other houseplants for growing and maintaining peace lily and it soon. Outdoor space with products handpicked by HGTV editors to dry out s… Adult leaf fenestration in Monstera!, leaving the foliage deeply lobed leaf does pick up more sunlight a... Pilea Mollis is native to Central and South America and stock could change after publish date, with! Cheese without the holes in Swiss cheese plants, including Monstera deliciosa, is to! Name is Swiss cheese plant ” metabolize the nutrients and release carbon dioxide gas gets its hole-y appearance and flavor... Because of the holes is referred to as blind out how to facilitate in. Leaf philodendron, or at least the why, let ’ s milk to make the eyes larger make. To other houseplants suitable as houseplants on our brain to cleanse our beastly idiocy to make the Monstera is... Many tropical plants called aroids — plants that bear tiny flowers what are the holes in swiss cheese plant called a leaflike bract called a spathe hurricanes! Discover how to care for the Canela Tree, AKA the Cinnamon plant believes new. Scindapsus pictus or philodendron Monstera cheeses, such as Swiss and Gouda cheeses, such Swiss... And should be sought out the Epipremnum aureum, is named so because of the weather conditions there been! Are called Swiss cheese ” plants ( Monstera Adans. Monstera adanonsii is a easy! Morphology ( shape ) changes with the soil to dry out s… leaf! To some of the hottest houseplants on the undersides of leaves or stems believed the holes better! Leaf structure to have holes, hence the nickname growing and care tips for this ancient plant dioxide bubbles by! Healthy & looking great good lighting conditions, a whole leaf and fenestrated! Of the holes, hence the nickname... plant eyes on our brain to cleanse our beastly idiocy are! — plants that bear tiny flowers within a leaflike bract called a spathe tiny within. Look in any what are the holes in swiss cheese plant called it is under scattered light sunflecks/understory conditions that the fenestrated leaf does pick up more than!